Spinal herniations- cervical, thoracic, and lumbar -Spinal disc herniation, also known as a slipped disc, is a medical condition affecting the spine in which a tear in the outer, fibrous ring of an intervertebral disc allows the soft, central portion to bulge out beyond the damaged outer rings.
Spinal stenosis-Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing (stenosis) of the spinal canal that may occur in any of the regions of the spine. This narrowing causes a restriction to the spinal canal, resulting in a neurological deficit
Spinal cord injuries
Spinal cord tumors
Syringomyelia- Syringomyelia is a generic term referring to a disorder in which a cyst or cavity forms within the spinal cord. This cyst, called a syrinx, can expand and elongate over time, destroying the spinal cord.
Spondylosis-spondylosis is a broad term meaning degeneration of the spinal column from any cause.
Spondylolisthesis-Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one bone in your back (vertebra) slides forward over the bone below it
Scoliosis-Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person;s spine has a sideways curve
Pediatric spinal conditions
Compression fractures-A compression fracture is a collapse of a vertebra
Facet joint syndrome-Facet syndrome is a syndrome in which the facet joints (synovial diarthroses, from C2 to S1) cause back pain
Sciatica-- -[Sciatica is a medical condition of pain going down the leg from the lower back]
Myelopathy-Myelopathy describes any neurologic deficit related to the spinal cord.  When due to trauma, it is known as a spinal cord injury. When inflammatory, it is known as myelitis. Disease that is vascular in nature is known as vascular myelopathy. The most common form of myelopathy in human, cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is caused by arthritic changes (spondylosis) of the cervical spine, which result in narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis) ultimately causing compression of the spinal cord.
Aneurysms-An aneurysm is a localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge in the wall of a blood vessel
Chiari malformation - Chiari malformation, also known as Arnold–Chiari malformation, is a malformation of the skull. It consists of a downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum (the opening at the base of the skull), sometimes causing non-communicating hydrocephalus as a result of obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow
Hydrocephalus - a condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain. This typically causes increased pressure inside the skull.
Trigeminal neuralgia - a chronic pain disorder that affects the trigeminal nerve. The typical form results in episodes of severe, sudden, shock like pain in one side of the face that lasts for seconds to a few minutes. Groups of these episodes can occur over a few hours. The atypical form results in a constant burning pain that is less severe
Traumatic brain injuries
Carpal tunnel syndrome - Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a medical condition due to compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel
Ulnar nerve palsy
Brachial plexus lesions-The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that conducts signals from the spinal cord, which is housed in the spinal canal of the vertebral column (or spine), to the shoulder, arm and hand. Brachial plexus injuries, or lesions, can occur as a result of shoulder trauma, tumors, or inflammation
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